The evergreen Monstera plant is gaining popularity. And there is a reason why. Monsters are a type of tropical evergreen vine and shrubs that are native to Central America. It is known for its natural holes that form on the leaves, which explains its nickname “Swiss cheese.” The holes in the leaves of this plant are called fenestration and maximize the capture of sunlight along the forest floor. Two different species of Monstera are grown as houseplants – Monstera Delicioisa with split leaves and the so-called Swiss Monstera. Swiss cheese Monstera features longer, narrower leaves as well as fully closed leaf holes. In this article, we will show you how to care for and propagate Monstera Deliciosa, which is one of the most beautiful houseplants you can have.
Monsteras is famous for its large and beautiful leaves
Monstera Deliciosa: One of the distinguishing things about this variety is that its leaves are often not the same size or shape. And if you want to plant several of them, you will notice some changes in the structure and color of the leaves.
Monstera Obliqua: Monstera Obliqua has leaves with the largest holes. The holes can cover up to 90% of the leaf surface, which makes the plant very sensitive to caring for. No wonder why this variety is so hard to find in most gardening stores. To date, research is still underway to cross this species with other notable species.
Monstera Variegata: What is easily recognizable about this variety is the difference in the color of its leaves. They have huge white spots that you might mistake for dye. Compared to other options, this variety is difficult to find, which is why its price is often high.
Monstera Dobia: If you want to grow a climbing plant, this is an ideal variety worth counting on. Although it has smaller leaves and develops like a vine, it can move up once it has a strong support to help it ascend.
Here is our complete guide to caring for Monstera Adansonii – the Swiss cheese factory!
Monstera Deliciosa loves to climb and explore new corners in your home
Monsters come in different shapes, sizes, and even colors!
Native to the rainforests of Central America, the open-leaf monstera is also known as the “split-leafed philodendron.” This evergreen climbing plant is popular, easy to grow and a favorite of many. Indoors, the plant is about 60 cm tall. Grow it outdoors at any time of the year, and it will also delight you with edible flowers and fruits with the flavor of pineapple and banana. However, fruiting is rare with houseplants. Monstera blooms all year round in warm, humid weather. When you plan to grow it outside, place it in partial shade in well-drained soil. If the soil is naturally salty, move the plant indoors or into the yard. Apply a balanced fertilizer three or four times a year and the plant can reach 3 meters or more in height.
to caution: TIts sweet plant can be poisonous to pets. If you have a furry friend, be sure to buy pet-friendly plants for your home!
Let’s delve into the care and needs of this unique plant
This evergreen plant prefers bright, indirect sunlight at temperatures between 18 and 25 degrees Celsius. Too much direct light during the warmer months can burn foliage. However, put your houseplants outside at least once a year in direct sunlight to encourage growth. Outdoors, Monstera can grow in full shade and partial shade. If you want to put a plant in your bedroom, check out our article on Aesthetic Plants in the Bedroom!
Monsteras prefer bright but indirect light
When transplanted into a pot, it requires a peat-based potting medium. Outdoors suitable for light sandy soil, medium loam, heavy clay soil with an acidic or neutral pH. However, Monstera Deliciosa thrives best in well-drained, somewhat moist soil. Here’s how to use ground coffee for your houseplants!
Monsters need well-drained and moderately moist soil
Water the plant regularly during the growing season. The soil will need to dry out a bit between watering. Water only occasionally in the fall and winter. To increase the humidity indoors, mist the foliage with a spray bottle of demineralized rainwater.
Monsteras love moisture, so you can spray it now and then
If necessary, apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every few weeks during the growing season for your houseplants. You can make the fertilizer you need for Monstera yourself, using only safe materials.
Plants need fertilizer only when they are growing
Prune back the aerial roots if they become too unruly for the space, although it is best to put them back in the pot. Unlike some other houseplants, its roots do not damage surfaces. Stems and leaves respond well to pruning and can be used for propagation.
Stems and leaves can be pruned and used for propagation
pests and diseases
Like other commonly grown houseplants, Monstera Deliciosa is susceptible to few pests and diseases. But what will probably cheer you up is that these problems are not so serious if you can get rid of them early enough. When the roots of this variety are soaked in water for a long time, it is more susceptible to fungal spots on the leaves and the stems begin to rot due to bacteria. You may also have to deal with insects and mites. Allow the first two inches of topsoil to dry completely before watering the houseplant again to prevent root rot. Anytime leaves start to turn brown or have yellow spots appear, it means you are using water that has soluble salts or is too alkaline for Monstera. And if the foliage begins to lose its luminous green color, it could be a sign that you are exposing your Monstera to too much bright light or not giving it enough fertilizer.
Healthy Monstera is lush, green and pest free
How to propagate Monstera Deliciosa with split leaves
Monstera Deliciosa can easily be propagated by stem cuttings. However, the most common way to propagate Monstera Deliciosa is by aerial budding. Here are the steps for both methods:
Large and mature Monsteras can be propagated using these two easy methods
How to propagate Monstera Deliciosa using stem cuttings:
- Using clean, sharp pruning shears, cut out a stalk that contains a knot, an aerial root, and at least two leaves.
- Put some ground cinnamon on the mother plant where it was cut. This will prevent the disease from entering the wound and help the wound to heal.
- Put the pieces in a glass of water. Change the water every three to five days, and if possible, use filtered water or rainwater.
- You will see a set of roots growing within a few months. At this point, you can place your new plant in a pot of fresh soil and keep it moist until it is established in its new home.
Put your scraps in clean water and change it frequently
It’s time for a new, smaller bowl for Baby Monsteras
Here’s how easy the whole process is!
How to propagate Monstera Deliciosa using a vent:
Air venting is the preferred method with minimal risk because no incisions are made in the mother plant until the baby is ready to transplant with new roots. For this method, you will need moss, a plastic bag, and twine.
- Look for a stem with a few nodes (where the roots will grow). Or look for a leaf that grows from a stalk and has a short aerial root underneath.
- Cut a small incision about 1/3 the width of the stem, just below this rootstock.
- Wrap a 1-inch layer of sphagnum moss around where the leaf meets the stem.
- Spray the moss with water to increase the humidity and wrap it in plastic. Use twist ties to secure it (it might look a little messy, and that’s okay).
- Make sure the moss can stay wet until the roots develop.
- When the roots have grown within a few months, you can cut the stem below the roots (with a clean, sharp tool) and install the young plant with its roots in a new pot of soil.
- Finally, be sure to tap the ground cinnamon onto the wound from the mother plant. This will prevent any disease from getting into the wound and help the wound heal.
It is important to know all the parts of your Monstera
Monsteras are one of the coolest plants in your home! Make sure you take good care of them, so you can enjoy their beauty for the longest time!
Now you know how to properly take care of this beauty!