A general view outside Lusail Stadium in Lusail, Qatar Photo: VCG
Even if you are not a football fan, you are sure to be impressed by Lusail Stadium, the home stadium for the ongoing Qatar 2022 World Cup. The stadium, which has been featured in various international media headlines and social media posts, has captured people’s attention with its bold design and creative craftsmanship inspired by handcrafted wares found across the Arab and Islamic world as well as Fanar lanterns. found in the region.
The iconic stadium, which hosted the first heavyweight match between Argentina and Saudi Arabia on Tuesday, and is set to host the most important final match, was built by China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC) in cooperation with Qatar’s HBK Contracting Company in a joint venture.
“Very excited to see the first major World Cup stadium built by China hosting the first match on Tuesday,” Li Bai, the Chinese engineer from CRCC in charge of the project, told the Global Times.
“What’s more, it has one of the most complex cable-membrane roof structures in the world, while also being the most international World Cup stadium with the largest and most complex systems, the highest design standards and the most advanced technology.”
The stadium features an oval shape and an elaborate pitched roof based on vessels and instruments traditionally used in the Middle East. Moreover, the muted gold exterior features an advanced lighting system.
Under the comprehensive planning and leadership of the Canadian Red Crescent Centre, 7,000 workers from more than 20 countries around the world jointly completed the construction of the 80,000-seat stadium in 2,118 days, according to Li.
By making full use of China’s advantages in the infrastructure industry, Chinese companies have provided a full set of production chain solutions for the design and construction of the stadium. Members of the “national team” of China’s infrastructure industry, such as the Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (BIAD) and the Beijing Construction Engineering Group, have also been deeply involved in the project, thus bringing China’s infrastructure supply chain and service chain to the world.
The “core” of Lusail Stadium’s design is its steel structure and roof. BIAD played a major role in designing this “heavyweight” section, which contains the same amount of steel as three Eiffel Towers.
Made of modern polytetrafluoroethylene, the stadium roof, the largest tensile mesh roof in the world, protects the stadium from hot winds, keeps out dust and allows enough light for grass to grow on the field, while providing shade to reduce the burden on the stadium’s cooling systems.
A general view inside Lusail Stadium in Lusail, Qatar Photo: VCG
BIAD’s chief structural engineer Zhu Zhongyi, who oversaw the design of the stadium’s structure, told Global Times that the main structure consisted mainly of V-bent trusses. This design solution reduced the amount of steel required by 12,000 tons.
Designed using innovatively developed BIM — a database for architectural information modeling — Lusail Stadium uses 40 percent less water than conventional sites thanks to measures such as systems that use collected rainwater and an improved water-saving sprinkler irrigation system, according to the construction team. from CRCC.
In order to prevent natural disasters and terrorist attacks, Zhu said, the Chinese design team has continuously conducted stadium collapse simulations during the design process, and conducted on-site research on the failure of major components under extreme conditions.
Regardless of whether it’s innovative structures or thoughtful stadium designs, they all reflect China’s rich experience in designing landmark buildings that are sustainable and reliable, such as the “Bird’s Nest,” the National Stadium for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, and the “Ice Ribbon,” the national skating oval. Olympic Winter Games Beijing 2022.
“Compared with the 2008 Olympic Games, Lusail Stadium is equivalent to China’s Bird’s Nest,” Li told the media.
Similar to a World Cup stadium, Bird’s Nest features an intricate steel structure and a representative curved surface. Such a simple and elegant design embodies the aesthetics of modern Chinese architecture and helps China establish an “authoritative yet full of ingenuity” image on the international architecture stage, Pang Xiangwei, a Shanghai-based architect, told the Global Times.
Besides Lusail Stadium, BIAD’s “structural wisdom” has also been used in other Olympic projects, most notably the National Speed Skating Oval, which has 22 curved, ribbon-like glass walls and includes a roof cable network designed independently by China.
“The design of the ice strip is more soft and delicate than the bird’s nest. It also shows the harmony praised by Chinese culture,” Pang noted.