The Temple of Zeus Lipsinus restores its former glory with magnificent pillars

The Temple of Zeus Lipsinus in the ancient city of Euromos, located in Milas District in the southwest of Mugla Province, has been restored to its former glory by restoring its columns.

Euromos is one of the important cities of Karia – the ancient name for the southwestern region of the Anatolian shores of the Aegean Sea. The Old Town is a magnet for visitors interested in discovering the area’s historical richness and archaeological significance.

Euromos, which dates back to 5 BC, contains many interesting buildings, including the Roman-era Temple of Zeus Lipsinus from the reign of Roman Emperor Hadrian between 117 and 138. The temple dedicated to the Greek deity stood at the foot of the mountain. city. With this temple, one of the best preserved examples in Anatolia featuring an ancient theater, agora, and tomb, the site is always crowded with visitors from all over Turkey and beyond.

A restorer works at the Temple of Zeus Lipsinus, Euromos, Mugla, southwest Turkey, May 6, 2022. (AA Photo)

Excavations at Euromos were first carried out by Turkish archaeologists in the 1970s and are still ongoing. The Temple of Zeus Lipsinus in the ancient city has also been meticulously restored, and restoration and strengthening work continues.

They aim to return the building to its former glory and preserve it for future generations, said Associate Professor Abuzer Kizil from Mugla University’s Department of Archeology Sitki Kuçman, head of excavations at Euromos.

Noting that they used 90% of the original architectural elements in the restoration of the temple, the classification work of which was completed, he said, “There were column barrels, capitals, columnar blocks, friezes and frieze blocks that we can use on every facade. We documented and recorded all these materials. And we use these The original material in the restoration.”

General view from the Temple of Zeus Lipsinus before restorations, Euromos, Mugla, southwest Turkey.  (Photo by Mehmet Celik)

General view from the Temple of Zeus Lipsinus before restorations, Euromos, Mugla, southwest Turkey. (Photo by Mehmet Celik)

Kiesel also said that they used the practices of the ancient period as a basis for their studies. “We made the material fixtures using iron, bronze and lead. As I mentioned earlier, most of the architectural structures we used in the restoration are made of original materials. In this framework, we first installed the six-column lower barrels in their original places. Next, we removed the concrete blocks previously used and disposed of. In the meantime, an attempt was made to strengthen the cracks, erosion and cracking of the standing columns of the temple.”

According to the head of the excavations, they wanted to show the original condition of the temple to visitors coming to the ancient city.

A view from restoration work at the Temple of Zeus Lipsinus, Euromos, Mugla, southwest Turkey, May 6, 2022. (AA Photo)

A view from restoration work at the Temple of Zeus Lipsinus, Euromos, Mugla, southwest Turkey, May 6, 2022. (AA Photo)

Kizil explained that they prepared a small number of missing architectural pieces in marble using the originals as examples to complete the restoration of the columns, and said, “All the stone needs of the ancient city of Euromos are provided by the marble quarries located at the height of the mountain from the bottom of the temple. Visitors can easily observe how the stones were extracted, And how it is roughly processed, how it is brought into the temple and how the last works are done in the temple.”

Works in the Old Town continue with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Turkish Historical Society (TTK), the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage and Museums, Mugla Province, Milas District Province, and Mugla Sitki Kuçman University.

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